Article submitted by : Nike O
Mastectomy | Breast Removal, is made for Life
What is Mastectomy?
Mastectomy is partial or total breast removal. In total mastectomy the surgeon removes the whole breast, while in simple or partial mastectomy the surgeon remove the cancerous part of the breast tissue and some normal tissue around it.
Even though some people still believe with cancer, there is no cure, between 2005 and 2013, the increase in the rate of mastectomy reported in adult women remains alarming, and out rightly contradicts the general notion on cancer cure, or so it seems.
Mastectomy is an ancient science by all standards that today saves life across the globe in the midst of the slow progress in the science of cure for cancer. It involves the removal of the area (breast) infected with cancerous cells. It is as opposed to chemotherapy a local excision of such cells in only the affected areas.
This interesting act of beautiful science, was built around the more objective belief that newer cancer cells invasion is usually from preexisting cancerous cells, as against its wide acceptance as a culture in the Skotsy sect of Russia as an equivalent to castration carried out to curb sexual desire which was perceived evil!
It is believed however that William Stewart Halsted, one of the big four founding Professors of the John Hopkins hospital developed the radical mastectomy.
He was the first chief of the Department of Surgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital when it opened in May 1889, and was credited with starting the first formal surgical residency training program in the United States.
He believed that for some reasons that local removal of areas infected by cancerous cells would cure the disease, which he confirmed in the 19th century. In 1882, Halsted performed the first radical mastectomy for breast cancer which was to be the first in the U.S.
It is also reported that a similar operation was initially performed in France a century earlier by Bernard. This technique has paved way for more findings in this area of research in successive centuries.
According 1 to research young women with early breast cancer face a hard choice of whether to go for a mastectomy or breast conserving therapy.
Recent research has also revealed that young women, who had early stage breast cancer that had not spread to the lymph nodes and who opted for breast conserving therapy with radiation therapy, had a 13 % higher risk of developing a local recurrence of their disease over a 20-year period than women who had a mastectomy and no radiation therapy.
Today, there are different ways to remain alive with Mastectomy; from simple to prophylactic mastectomy, patient preference and to a large extent, the extent of damage may determine what works well.
Nipple-sparing is an increasingly acceptable variant of mastectomy that in fact literally allows for immediate breast reconstruction for women whose nipple and nipple area tissues are free of cancerous cells.